The Luzon Peacock Swallowtail is a particularly beautiful species of Lepidoptera. This butterfly also, sadly, happens to be extremely rare and not often photographed.
In addition, the Luzon Peacock Swallowtail was discovered just 40 years ago, with two subspecies of this beautiful invertebrate being known.
The insect lists as Endangered by the IUCN, and while they have official protection in their range, illegal trade in the insect continues.
Enforcement of the ban remains practically nonexistent. Individuals often get collected by visitors to the region, and local residents as well, who then sell them to tourists.
Luzon Peacock Swallowtail Description
The Luzon Peacock Swallowtail constitutes a large type of butterfly. Their wingspan measures 3 in (7.5 cm), but their beauty doesn’t depend on size.
The species displays sexual dimorphism, with the males being brighter in color. However, they also stay smaller. The body of both genders shows black, though spotted with green scales. Also, the forewings of both genders display black on the upper side.
They also show brown underneath, while the upper side of the hind wings of both genders show black. On the other hand, they also have white scales and red spots. The butterflies even possess a small area of bluish-green. This stays larger in the male, but in turn, he has fewer red spots.
Luzon Peacock Swallowtail Ecology
The Luzon Peacock Swallowtail has a restricted range. It only exists in the Luzon mountains, in the Philippines, which serves as the source of the common name.
They also inhabit tropical forests and typically live at altitudes above 4,921 ft (1,500 m). The species also seems drawn to peaks and slopes within the forest. Most individuals appear to prefer areas with flowers for their habitat.
It also feeds on the leaves and flowers of local trees, while they lay their eggs on leaves of these same trees.
We know little about their mating habits since they remain so rare. The species will fly throughout the year, which unfortunately makes them vulnerable.