Toad Bug is the common name for an unusual family of roughly 100 species of small to average size insects classified within the suborder of Heteroptera. Their generally used name comes from the rather strong physical resemblance to toads.
Their skin generally has a rather mottled, warty appearance and they also move with a hopping motion. They even capture their prey by hopping upon it, just like a toad. Nature is fascinating in her diversity.
The majority of the different known species inhabit the Southern Hemisphere.
Toad Bug Feeding Habits
This surprising little bug is a riparian insect which principally lives in the immediate vicinity of small ponds and streams. They generally prey on the wide variety of other small insects that either live or come there.
The Toad Bug captures their prey by pouncing on them from above, which they accomplish through a serious leaping attack. They will then grasp the prey with their powerful front legs.
Many varieties of Toad Bug cover their bodies with grains of sand. This not only serves to strengthen their armor, it also provides them with excellent camouflage.
Toad Bug Physical Characteristics and Reproduction
Most species of Toad Bug attain a maximum length of about 0.6 in (15 mm). Their eyes are relatively large and protuberant in nature.
Most possess vestigial wings but are incapable of flight. Also, their mouths have evolved to feed via a piercing-sucking method. They do possess antennae, but these generally remain concealed.
The color patterns of the various species vary by climate.
Last, most species of this bug prefer to lay their eggs in patches of loose sand.