Crowned Eagle Facts
- Firstly, the distinctive, not to mention regal, appearance of the Crowned Eagle makes it easily recognizable. Sadly, however, the IUCN lists this stunning animal as Near Threatened.
- That ranking occurs because experts estimate that fewer than 1,500 members of this species remain extant.
- This species also remains known for its extremely skittish behavior, even compared to related species. Further, the species has a reputation for being an exceptionally powerful raptor.
- Quite unfortunately, like many other creatures, it faces the threat of imminent extinction. Also like many others, the primary threat that it faces appears to be habitat loss.
Crowned Eagle Physical Description
Most notably, in terms of length, the Crowned Eagle ranks as the fifth largest known variety of eagle on earth. Also, the magnificent creature displays a moderate degree of sexual dimorphism.
Due to this, the female averages about 15% larger than the male. Some may measure as much as 39 in (99 cm) in length. Further, individuals sometimes weigh up to 10.5 lb (4.7 kg), while wingspan may be almost 6 ft (1.83 m).
In addition, the talons grow exceptionally large and powerful. These often measure as much as 4 in (10 cm) long.
Additionally, its coloring typically consists of a mottled combination of brown, black, white, and gray, as adults. Infants typically display white and black, with traces of pink on the chests.
Finally, the head develops topped with a distinctive crest, giving it a triangular appearance.
- Kingdom: Animalia
- Phylum: Chordata
- Class: Aves
- Order: Accipitriformes
- Family: Accipitridae
- Genus: Stephanoaetus
- Species: S. coronatus
Crowned Eagle Distribution, Habitat, and Ecology
The Crowned Eagle evolved as endemic to a wide swathe of the continent of Africa. Therefore, individuals occur in small numbers across a range that extends from Ethiopia to Angola.
This avian primarily inhabits dense forests, including the African rainforest regions. The bird has, however, proven adaptable to other regions when necessary. Some reside at altitudes of as much as 9,800 ft (3,000 m).
Further, like all eagles, it naturally has a carnivorous nature. It primarily preys on mammals, and in fact, fills a unique niche. It forms the only known avian to prey mostly on primates. Because of this, smaller species of monkeys comprise roughly 90% of its diet.
The Crowned Eagle also sometimes preys on animals weighing as much as five times its own weight. The species now has legal protection throughout most of its habitat range. However, unfortunately, its numbers continue to diminish.
Finally, it reproduces every two years and constructs its nests high in the local tree canopy. Generally, both genders share in caring for the eggs and raising the young.