- Most notably, the amazing Emu remains the largest species of flightless bird endemic to its range. The incredible avian also ranks as the second tallest living variety of bird on earth.
- In addition, three distinct subspecies of Emu exist, all common throughout most regions of one continent. Though flightless, it remains capable of running at high speeds. Its ground speed occasionally measures as fast as 31 mph (50 kph).
- It is also known for possessing great curiosity. Due to this, the animal often follows other animals or humans. Curiously, it does not sleep continuously at night. Instead, it takes multiple short naps.
- Finally, its legs are extremely powerful, and even allow it to occasionally rip through metal fences.
Emu Physical Description
Firstly, an adult Emu reaches about 4.3 ft (1.3 m) in height, at the shoulder. In addition, the long necks reach a height of as much as 6.2 ft (1.9 m).
Displaying a mild degree of sexual dimorphism, males of this animal grow slightly larger than females. A male of the species averages 81 lb (37 kg) in weight. Exceptional individuals sometimes weigh as much as 132 lb (60 kg).
Further, the wings are vestigial and possess a claw at the tip. Meanwhile, the claws on the toes may be as long as 6 in (15 cm). Given the strength of the legs, these form an extremely dangerous weapon for defense.
Both the hearing and eyesight also remain exceptional, while the bill stays short and soft.
- Kingdom: Animalia
- Phylum: Chordata
- Class: Aves
- Order: Casuariformes
- Family: Casuaridae
- Genus: Doramaius
- Species: D. novaeholiandiae
Emu Distribution, Habitat, and Ecology
The incredible Emu evolved as solely endemic to a particular swathe of Australia. It inhabits various types of habitat, however.
The bird forages for food by day and eats both various plants and insects. Insect prey includes grasshoppers, crickets, and ants. It will also feed upon crops if it can reach them.
The bird also swallows small stones to aid in the digestion of the food. Individuals drink infrequently but will drink large amounts when they do drink.
Furthermore, the Emu typically breeds in May or June, and in this species, it is the female that pursues the male. Breeding pairs remain together for approximately 5 months.
Finally, eggs are quite large, weighing as much as 2 lb (0.45 kg).