Giant Prickly Stick Insect Facts
- The Giant Prickly Stick Insect possesses a restricted habitat range. Yet they reproduce prolifically, so the IUCN lists them as a Species of Least Concern.
- These insects have developed several unique defensive measures. First of all, they stand on their front and middle legs when threatened, and point their abdomen like a scorpion.
- In addition, they often move from side to side when sitting on a branch, mimicking the motion of a twig in the breeze to enhance their camouflage.
- Finally, even their eggs have defenses. Ants find their outer covering edible, so they take the eggs to their nest. The ants consume the covering, discard the eggs as “trash,” and the eggs hatch safely away from predators.
Giant Prickly Stick Insect Physical Description
The Giant Prickly Stick Insect attains a large size for a stick insect. Yet sexual dimorphism must be taken into consideration. Females reach lengths of as much as 8 in (20 cm), while males only reach 4 in (10 cm).
While females reach greater lengths, they also have thicker bodies. Due to this, their wings remain too small for flying, while the smaller males have the ability to fly.
Their colors vary significantly between individuals and include brown, green, red, white, and cream.
Yet the numerous spikes covering their bodies remain their most distinctive feature. These cover the entire body of the female, while only grow around the faces of the males.
They also produce a chemical spray to repel assailants, which actually smells like toffee to humans.
Species: E. tiaratum