Gibraltar Campion Facts
- First of all, this delicate, yet gorgeous plant is known as the Gibraltar Campion. Further, the marvelous flower has a true story to tell. That’s because, among other things, its one of the rarest of all known plants.
- In fact, it remains so rare that, by the year 1992, experts believed it to be extinct. However, two years later, in 1994, researchers accidentally rediscovered the remarkable species in the wild.
- But, it remains exceedingly rare in its natural habitat. Yet, thankfully for the species, botanists succeeded in propagating a few specimens. Therefore, these now exist at the Gibraltar Botanic Gardens.
Gibraltar Campion Physical Description
Most notably, the gorgeous Gibraltar Campion classifies as a woody-based perennial plant. This occurs due to its genetic structure, despite the fact that the marvelous species strongly resembles a small flower.
In addition, it remains relatively small in terms of physical size, though impressive in appearance. Further, the Gibraltar Campion attains an average height of about 16 in (40 cm), though often somewhat less.
Also, its beautiful small, two-lobed flowers commonly present a variety of colors to dazzle the eye. These range from a very pale pink to a pale violet, so the effect can be quite striking to observers.
- Kingdom: Plantae
- Phylum: Angiosperms
- Class: Eudicots
- Order: Caryophyllales
- Family: Caryophyllaceae
- Genus: Silene
- Species: S. tomentosa
Gibraltar Campion Distribution, Habitat, and Ecology
Firstly, the common name of the species itself, Gibraltar Campion, tells one precisely where to find it. That’s because it lives in only one highly restricted location, Gibraltar Rock, in the United Kingdom, in Europe.
Furthermore, even there it has a highly restricted and specific habitat in which it lives. Due to this, the breathtaking flowering plant lives only on the rocky, otherwise desolate, outcrops of Gibraltar Rock itself.
Rather sadly, extremely little is known about the ecology of this particular species. This regrettable lack understandably occurs due to the simply fact of having so few specimens to study.
Thankfully, however, for the few remaining wild specimens, it now has a measure of legal protection. The local government passed the Nature Protection Act in 1991, providing it with some legal protection.