Hakkadular Geothermal Area

Hakkadular Geothermal Area
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 The Hakkadular Geothermal Area is an extraordinary region of geological beauty. This unique place is located north of Laugaryatu, in southern Iceland. In fact, one of the geysers found in the Hakkadular Geothermal Area was one of the first geysers discovered by modern man. The earliest known recorded mention of the spectacular landscape features present there was made in 1294. At that time, an earthquake activated numerous hot springs within the region now known as the Hakkadular Geothermal Area. The region has been a major attraction for tourists since the 18th century.

Hakkadular Geothermal Area
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 Hakkadular Geothermal Area Origins and Nature

 The Hakkadular Geothermal Area was originally formed at the end of the most recent Ice Age. Occasional earthquakes in the region continue to alter its nature even today. The last such earthquake in the area occurred in July of 2000. There are currently 40 geothermal based features present in the Hakkadular Geothermal Area. All of these are volcanic in nature. They include multiple geysers, hot springs, fumaroles, and mudpots. The largest of the geysers is named Strokkur. Many of the geysers are comparatively regular in the timing of their eruptions.

 

Haukkadular Geothermal Area
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Hakkadular Geothermal Area Physical and Biological Distinctiveness

Several of the small springs found within the Hakkadular Geothermal Area are quite unique. The water within them is classified as sodium bicarbonate thermal water due to the extremely high concentrations of sodium bicarbonate. These same streams in the Hakkadular Geothermal Area also contain comparatively high concentrations of radon. Found within this unique environment are numerous species of microorganism and algae that have adapted to survive within the unique water and extreme heat. many of them are incapable of surviving in water temperatures below 158F (70C).

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Todd Sain Sr.

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