Haukadalur Geothermal Area Facts
- The Haukadalur Geothermal Area forms a remarkable region of geological beauty in an area of the world well known of natural beauty. That’s because this wonder of Nature formed in what we now know as the southern portion of the magnificent country of Iceland, in Europe.
- In addition, this astonishing region of the world also holds an important place in scientific history. That’s due to the amazing fact that one of the geysers found in the area actually holds its own impressive status. In point of fact, it represents one of the first geysers that modern man discovered.
- Additionally, the earliest known recorded mention of the spectacular landscape features occurred in ancient times. In point of fact, this written notice of the site took place in 1294. Furthermore, at that time, an earthquake activated numerous hot springs within the breathtaking region.
- The Haukadalur Geothermal Area also played an important role in the culture of the region in which it formed. However, in modern times, that role switched to economical. That’s due to the fact that the site has been a major attraction for tourists since the 18th century. Further, it continues to thrive in that regard.
Haukadalur Geothermal Area Origins and Nature
Geological evidence indicates that the Haukadalur Geothermal Area originally formed at the end of the last Ice Age. Nevertheless, occasional earthquakes in the region continue to alter its nature even today. The last such recorded earthquake in the region occurred in July of 2000.
Furthermore, currently 40 geothermal based features remain known to science in the remarkable region. Quite unsurprisingly, given its nature, all of these remain volcanic in nature. These multiple features include such formations as multiple geysers, hot springs, fumaroles, and even mud pots.
In addition, the largest of the geysers in the Haukadalur Geothernal Area itself draws great deal of well-deserved interest. That site, named Strokkur Geyser, and many of the geysers in the region, have one fascinating trait in common. That’s because they appear comparatively regular in the timing of their eruptions.
Haukadalur Geothermal Area Physical and Biological Distinctiveness
Additionally, the awe-inspiring Haukadalur Geothermal Area has even more to offer. That holds true since several of the small springs in the area appear quite unique. The water within them qualifies as sodium bicarbonate thermal water due to the extremely high concentrations of sodium bicarbonate.
Yet, the presence of sodium bicarbonate isn’t the only baffling part of the nature of the liquid. That holds true to yet another mind-boggling status about the Haukadalur Geothermal Area. To the continued amazement of researchers, these same streams in the also contain comparatively high concentrations of radon.
Living within this unique environment are numerous species of microorganism and algae. In fact, many of these eventually adapted to survive within the unique water and extreme heat. Furthermore, many of them remain incapable of surviving in water temperatures measurements below 158 F (70 C).