Lauterbrunnen Valley Facts
- The visually stunning Lauterbrunnen Valley represents a truly magnificent cleft valley situated in the beautiful Swiss Alps, near Bern, Switzerland, in Europe.
- The simultaneously gorgeous yet rugged-looking valley rather surprisingly has a rough U-shape and runs south-southwest.
- Additionally, numerous streams, both large and small, formed by melting glaciers create a total of 72 incredible waterfalls in the valley.
- The incredible site has an ancient history. It was first mentioned in literature as early as the year 1240. It was given a name which translates as clear spring.
Lauterbrunnen Valley Physical Description
The truly mesmerizing Lauterbrunnen Valley measures roughly 5 miles (8 km) in length and rarely exceeds more than 0.62 mi (1 km) in width.
This astonishing location also remains renowned for its great natural beauty. The valley itself also ranks as one of the deepest in all of the Alps.
The sides of the valley itself appear almost perfectly vertical, and actually measure more than an astonishing 1000 ft (305 m) high in most places.
Add the height of the mountains immediately surrounding the valley, and the depth seems incredible.
Lauterbrunnen Valley Geology and Ecology
The incredible geology of the Lauterbrunnen Valley includes numerous marvelous waterfalls. The best known of these bears the name of Staubback Falls.
The Falls drop nearly 900 ft (270 m) in total and form one of the highest unbroken waterfalls in Europe. The water of these waterfalls comes from the massive amounts of melting snow from the mountains.
As a result of this, the water remains famous for its purity.
Lauterbrunnen Valley also comprises a total area of about 63.5 sq mi (164.5 sq km). Of this, a total of 51% still either has a covering of forest or gets used for agriculture.
Roughly 16% of the valley still remains covered by a glacier.