- First of all, the term Stromboli names a small island located in the Tyrrhenian Sea. This surprisingly impressive island sits just off the northern coast of Sicily, in Europe. Furthermore, the relatively small island actually contains one of the three active volcanoes in Italy.
- In addition, the magnificent site also forms one of the eight islands comprising the Aeolian Islands. Further, this itself represents an active volcanic arc north of Sicily. Also, the name of the remarkable small island derives from Ancient Greek. In that language it means swollen form.
- Presently, this location has very few permanent inhabitants. That’s because the island’s current population numbers fewer than 850 individuals. The volcano erupted with moderate violence numerous times in the past. Additionally, it continues to be constantly active with minor eruptions.
- To the continued amazement of those who appreciate the power of Nature, these often appear visible from many points on Stromboli. But, they also often appear within the surrounding sea. It’s tendency to be nearly constantly active gave rise to the island’s nickname; Lighthouse of the Mediterranean.
Fortunately, large eruptions of Stromboli have been rare in modern times. The last major eruption of the volcano occurred on 13 April 2009. The volcano itself stands 3,034 ft (926 m) above sea level. But below the waves the actual base of the feature rises roughly 8,860 ft (2,700 m) above the ocean floor.
The site boasts a quite impressive statistic. That holds true because of the fact that a total of three active craters sit at the peak. Yet another significant geological feature of the island bears the name of Sciara del Fuoco. This names a large horseshoe-shaped depression created over the past 13,000 years.
However, this particular outstanding physical feature of Stromboli formed due to a series of powerful natural events. That’s because several collapses occurred on the northwestern side of the cone of the mountain. Furthermore, about 1.2 mi (2 km) to the northeast lies the remnant of the original volcano.
Stromboli Activity Patterns
To the continued amazement of researchers, Stromboli has been in almost continuous eruption for the past 2,000 years. In addition, the eruptions in the summit craters have maintained a fairly regular pattern. These activity patterns include mild to moderate eruptions of incandescent volcanic bombs.
Nevertheless, the time between events also remains incredible. That’s because the intervals between these eruptive events range from every few minutes to every few hours. Eruptions from the craters at the summit typically result in a few short bursts. They also remain highly energetic in nature.
Yet the impressiveness does not end there. This holds true due to the fact that eruptions also average an astounding height. In point of fact, these reach heights averaging nearly 650 ft (200 m). Further, these generally include varying combinations of ash, incandescent lava fragments, and blocks of stone.
Visiting the site remains highly exciting, yet potentially dangerous. Unfortunately for the interested viewer, the activity type of Stromboli remains almost exclusively explosive. However, comparatively slower slower and less dangerous lava flows do occur periodically when volcanic activity is high.