Arapaima Leptosoma Facts
- Firstly, the rather surprising Arapaima Leptosoma constitutes a recently discovered type of freshwater fish. To date, researchers actually know of only a few individuals of this new species.
- Also, awareness of its existence occurred so recently that no common name exists as of yet. Quite understandably, the search for more of its kind remains ongoing in the region it was discovered.
- This rather startling creature also represents another milestone. The truly distinctive creature is the first newly recognized species of Arapaima mankind has discovered since 1847.
- Obviously, no data concerning its numbers exist yet. Yet, the IUCN considers it to be a threatened species. However, this classification occurs due to the fact that all fish species endemic to the region appear to be threatened by overfishing.
Arapaima Leptosoma Physical Description
Most notably, experts so far know of only a few specimens of the newly named Arapaima Leptosoma. Therefore only general information concerning the species remains known at this time. But, in color, it presents a combination of grayish-silver and red.
But, all species of Leptosoma appear to be among the largest known species of freshwater fish. This trait appears to be consistent in all known varieties. Therefore, researchers consider it likely that this species attains a similar size.
In addition, like all other members of its family, it evolved as an air-breathing fish. The individuals so far discovered seems to be adults, and therefore experts consider them representational of the species.
The most noted specimen found so far measured about 10 ft (3 m) in length. Unlike most species of Arapaima, however, the Arapaima Leptosoma stays thin and elongated in shape.
- Kingdom: Animalia
- Phylum: Chordata
- Class: Actinopterygii
- Family: Arapaimidae
- Genus: Arapaima
- Species: A. leptosoma
Arapaima Leptosoma Distribution, Habitat, and Ecology
To begin with, researchers discovered the Arapaima Leptosoma in the Purus River. This primarily flows in the Amazon Basin, in South America. In a fortuitous turn of events, its discovery happened quite by accident.
Further, the habitat of the creature tends to be a wide, slow-moving river. Yet numerous eddies also exist along its course. At this time, it remains unknown exactly which, if any, of these the creature prefers.
Given the limited number of specimens examined, scientists have little reliable specific data as to its life cycle. However, they assume it to be similar to other varieties of Leptosoma.
Assuming this to be the case, its diets likely consists of a wide variety of prey. This would, however, mainly include small fish, crustaceans, and even small land animals that venture too close to the water.
Despite the extremely limited number of individuals available for study, a few individuals now appear in aquariums. Further research is still ongoing into this amazing and, for now, somewhat mysterious creature.