The Araripe Manakin ranks as a Critically Endangered species. This occurs because they remain one of the rarest known birds on earth. Mankind first discovered them in 1996.
Including the tail, they average roughly 6 in (15 cm ) in length. The Araripe Manakin also displays a great degree of sexual dimorphism between males and females.
In their case, this principle shows in the colors of their plumage. Males possess predominantly white bodies, while the wings and tail appear black. They also boast a red crest.
Females generally present an olive green, with very pale upper sections. Estimates place the number of surviving individuals of this animal at fewer than 800.
Araripe Manakin Habitat and Distribution
The Araripe Manakin evolved as endemic to an extremely tiny area in Brazil. This region sits in the Chapada do Araripe section, in the northeastern part of the country.
The entire area where they live comprises only 19.3 sq mi (50 sq, km). It remains unknown how extensive their territory measured in the past.
The area also contains a unique limestone-based soil. Scientists do not currently know if this represents a specific factor for their environmental needs.
They inhabit the second-growth regions of the forest. The Araripe Manakin appears to feed primarily upon a variety of small fruits.
Araripe Manakin Threats and Conservation Efforts
The principal threat faced by the Araripe Manakin appears to be habitat loss due to deforestation. Much of the land bordering their remaining habitat has been cleared.
Humans did this for agricultural purposes, as well as for the construction of homes. Additionally, several large recreational areas remain under construction adjacent to their habitat.
Officials diverted many of the streams which provide water for their environment to these same facilities. Conservation efforts are now underway. Their remaining habitat has been declared a protected area.
Also, several areas of similar conditions now rank as protected areas. These are being considered as sites for possible future breeding programs.