Bleeding Heart Facts
- Most notably, the term Bleeding Heart serves as the attention-grabbing common name for a truly beautiful species of flowering plant. However, its scientific name remains the somewhat difficult to pronounce Lamprocapnos spectabilis. But the gorgeous plant also goes by variations of the common name. The most used of these remains the Asian bleeding-heart.
- Perhaps to the surprise of many of those who appreciate its great beauty, this marvelous plant conceals a secret. That’s the fact that it represents a member of the poppy family. Further, because of its unique appearance, this plant has a high value in gardens and also in the floral industry. This holds true due to the delicate heart-shaped pink and white flowers it usually produces.
- The breathtaking Bleeding Heart quickly became spread to many parts of the globe. In fact, it made its first appearance in Europe in the 1840’s. Partly due to this artificial dispersal, the species appears to be stable and in abundance. Therefore, the IUCN currently has no listing for it. Nevertheless, it could be considered to be facing the threat of climate change, as other species.
Bleeding Heart Physical Description
Among its numerous other wonderful characteristics, the beautiful Bleeding Heart also attains a respectable size. That’s due to the fact that the plant typically attains a height measuring around 47 in (120 cm). In addition, the average width of the fantastic plant generally averages a total of about 18 in (45 cm).
However, regardless of its other marvels, the plant shares many of the basic traits of related species. For one, this species also evolved into a herbaceous perennial. Further, the delicate leaves possess three lobes only. Meanwhile, the stems of the perennial most commonly appear as either light green or pinkish in color.
Each of the hanging stems of the Bleeding Heart produces as many as 20 blooms. These appear from early Spring through Summer. The outer petals of the bloom display a bright pink to light red color. Yet the inner petals generally show white. As the name implies, the flowers themselves form in the conventionalized shape of a heart.
- Kingdom: Plantae
- Phylum: Tracheophytes
- Class: Angiosperms
- Order: Ranunculales
- Family: Papaveraceae
- Genus: Lamprocapnos
- Species: L. spectabilis
Bleeding Heart Distribution, Habitat, and Ecology
Though it now appears throughout the world, the exceedingly lovely Bleeding Heart evolved as endemic to a specific portion of the globe. That consisted solely of the continent of Asia. More specifically, the species appears naturally in portions of Siberia, northern China, Korea, and Japan.
Further, within its natural range, the plant appears in the wild in certain regions. This consists of areas of open forest that provide it with medium shade. In addition, these regions must also provide it with sufficient protection from the wind. But, in cultivation, it has proven itself to be highly adaptable.
Additionally, the Bleeding Heart plays an important role within its native range. That’s because a variety of insects routinely feed on the leaves. However, this sometimes makes the plant difficult to cultivate. Snails, slugs, and aphids appear to be the most common among these threats. It produces its seeds in long, thin pods.
During the Summer, the remarkable plant dies back, leaving only the root system. Finally, it did evolve a method of self-defense. That’s because the leaves and stem of the plant contain a variety of alkaloids. But, these are not considered dangerous. Contact with the plant generally produces only mild skin irritations.