Carolina Wolf Spider Facts
- Firstly, for someone with arachnophobia, the sheer size and appearance of the Carolina Wolf Spider can be the source of nightmares. This holds true because it forms the largest of the known wolf spiders in its habitat range.
- Yet, despite its quite intimidating appearance, this arachnid remains relatively harmless to humans. But, its large size often causes a bite to be painful to the victim due to the sheer size of the fangs.
- This species also does not seem overly aggressive and typically flees from any creature larger than itself. Furthermore, the Carolina Wolf Spider usually only bites if it feels threatened and cannot flee.
- Finally, though rare in occurrence, envenomings have been compared to the sting of a bee or wasp. Further, in fact, its venom remains mostly harmless to any large mammal.
Carolina Wolf Spider Physical Description
Most notably, exceptional specimens of the Carolina Wolf Spider attain a leg span of as much as 4 in (10 cm). A slight degree of sexual dimorphism also presents itself in this species. That occurs because females of the species typically grow about 25% larger than the males.
In addition, the species most commonly appears a light gray or light brown in color, with darker patches. The body also typically has a covering of small hairs, giving the species a furry appearance.
Furthermore, the eight eyes, common to spiders, grow relatively large in comparison to body size. In fact, its eyes are so highly reflective that people often hunt it at night, using a flashlight to spot the creature.
- Kingdom: Animalia
- Phylum: Arthropoda
- Class: Arachnida
- Order: Araneae
- Family: Lycosidae
- Genus: Hogna
- Species: H. carolensis
Carolina Wolf Spider Distribution, Habitat, and Ecology
First of all, the endemic range of the impressive Carolina Wolf Spider covers a comparatively large region. That’s because that range includes Ontario, Canada, and much of the continental United States.
Furthermore, the species typically resides in shallow burrows. It also adapts well to various climates. However, it generally appears in either prairie, glades, open fields, or arid regions, such as deserts.
The lifespan of the females averages 2-3 years. However, the male typically lives less than 1 year, dying shortly after mating. The practice of sexual cannibalism is the main reason for the difference in lifespans.
In conclusion, like many related species, individuals hunt exclusively as ambush predators. Its diet, therefore, consists primarily of numerous insects, and even small rodents native to its particular region.