In fact, this colorful bee represents one of the very first in its zone of habitation to be scientifically identified. This occurred through the efforts of the well-known Danish zoologist Johan Christian Fabricius, in 1798.
They demonstrate complex behavioral characteristics, including a dance-based communication system. The Golden Northern Bumblebee also developed specialized nest defense strategies for different categories of intruders.
Their method of dealing with more powerful outsiders remains quite unique. Invaders considered more threatening actually first get covered in honey, which limits their ability to counter defensive efforts.
Golden Northern Bumblebee Physical Description
The Golden Northern Bumblebee constitutes a relatively small variety of bumblebee. Sexual dimorphism plays a factor as well. Female workers generally reach 0.75 in (1.9 cm) in length, while male drones average only 0.5 in (1.3 cm) in.
Wingspan also appears gender-related, with a female’s wings normally measuring 1.6 in (40 mm), while males only possess a wingspan of 0.86 in (22 cm).
Their coloring appears as a combination of black and golden yellow, though the male typically displays more yellow than the female. The body grows covered with numerous short, but thick, hairs.
Unlike honeybees, this species does not die after inflicting a sting. They remain capable of repeatedly attacking an opponent with their stinger.
Golden Northern Bumblebee Habitat and Ecology
The Golden Northern Bumblebee developed endemic to North America. However, their populations primarily concentrate in scattered portions of that range. They most commonly appear in the northeast portion of the United States.
This insect generally prefers to construct its nest in either tall grasslands or temperate savannas. Yet they often adapt to inhabit farms and even cities with sufficient greenery.
The nests occur either underground or above and commonly consists of a loose mass of grass held together with avian feces.
Nest populations stay small, rarely exceeding sixty adults and pupae. Lifespans range from approximately 34 days for workers to 12 months for the queen.