Pesquet’s Parrot Facts
- First of all, it’s immediately obvious that the amazing Pesquet’s Parrot represents an extremely unique variety of parrot. However, that uniqueness extends to much more than its simple appearance. That’s because the incredible bird represents the sole occupant of both an entirely separate genus and subfamily, within the Family Psittrichasiidae.
- In addition, this fascinatingly different type of parrot also remains renowned among related species for its truly distinctive sounds. Its common call strikes most individuals who hear it as quite rasping in nature. But, it also has the tendency to frequently emit a long, drawn out scream while in flight. As a result, it also goes by the alternate common name of the vulturine parrot.
- Furthermore, this remarkable avian now finds itself in danger, due to a combination of several factors. Its population appears to be decreasing in direct proportion to the rate of ongoing habitat loss. Since it had a limited range to begin with, it remains especially vulnerable. Climate change also poses a severe threat. For these reasons, the IUCN currently list it as Vulnerable.
Pesquet’s Parrot Physical Description
Perhaps most notably, its appearance and sounds do not constitute the only distinctive characteristics of the incredible Pesquet’s Parrot. That holds true due to the fact that it also forms a slightly larger than average type of parrot. In addition, the remarkable bird also displays a mild degree of sexual dimorphism, much like many related species.
However, in its case, the impressive animal does so with a very small, and quite easily overlooked difference in visual appearance. That’s because a very small, red spot appears behind each eye on the male, but not the female. In every other way, the two genders present identical physical appearances, including having a comparatively small head.
Firstly, the impressive animal attains an average overall length of about 18 in (46 cm). Secondly, mature adults typically reach a weight ranging between 24 – 28 oz (680 – 800 gms). Its wings generally present as black, with dark gray scaling. Also, it typically presents a bright red chest and abdomen. It also has a large black beak, with the combination creating a striking appearance.
- Kingdom: Animalia
- Phylum: Chordata
- Class: Aves
- Order: Psittaciformes
- Family: Psittrichasiidae
- Genus: Psitrichas
- Species: P. fulgidus
Pesquet’s Parrot Distribution, Habitat, and Ecology
Quite unfortunately, the astonishing Pesquet’s Parrot remains native to only a tiny part of the world. This range consists of only certain portions of Papua New Guinea, near Australia. But, even there it only inhabits specific regions of the local rainforest. Here, this absolutely amazing variety of parrot appears at altitudes ranging from 328 – 5,905 ft (100 – 1,800 m).
The surprising bird also distinguishes itself from related species in yet another manner. That’s in terms of its diet. Most known varieties of parrot feed as omnivores. This animal, however, evolved as a highly specialized frugivore. In point of fact, the avian feeds almost exclusively on a few types of figs native to its habitat. But, it occasionally consumes flowers and nectar.
In addition, the truly fascinating creature also evolved a nomadic pattern of behavior. It does this in accordance with the availability fruits, as the seasons change. Researchers theorize that the unusual lack of feathers on the head developed as an evolutionary adaptation designed to prevent complications with feathers from the juice of the fruit it consumes.
Finally, and quite unfortunately, ornithologists still know very little about its mating habits in the wild. However, it does appear to generally live in small groups numbering up to 20 individuals. Following mating, the female typically lays two eggs. These she places in a large nest in a hollow tree. A typical lifespan in the wild for this animal measures roughly 9 years.