Lonar Lake Facts
- First of all, the stunning Lonar Lake represents one of only four known examples of lakes formed from a highly specific combination of factors. This fact alone sets it apart from the majority of lakes.
- In fact, due to its highly unique nature, the government of the region it formed in assigned it a special status. The incredible site now holds the classification of a National Geo-heritage Monument.
- However, a great debate rages among geologists concerning its exact age. Firstly, some estimate that it formed around 52,000 years ago. Meanwhile, others believe its formation occurred roughly 570,000 years ago.
- Furthermore, due to its unusual nature, many institutions have undertaken extensive studies of the site. These include the Smithsonian Institution and the United States Geological Survey, among others.
Lonar Lake Physical Description
Firstly, the gorgeous Lonar Lake remains an extremely large lake, considering its origins. That’s because it has a average width of roughly 3,900 ft (1,200 m). It also has a maximum measured depth of 490 ft (149 m).
Furthermore, the water of the lake itself contains quantities of numerous sodas and salts. During periods of dry weather, when the water level recedes, locals gather large quantities of soda left behind.
Also, two small streams, bearing the names of Penganga and Purna, empty into the lake. This, therefore, helps maintain its levels under normal conditions. In addition, a well of fresh water can be found on the southern side, near the edge of the lake.
Lonar Lake Location, Formation, and Ecosystem
It bears remembering that the marvelous Lonar Lake sits in a rather remote and somewhat rugged part of the world. The fabulous site formed in what now constitutes the Maharashtra state, in India, in Asia.
But its formation easily remains the most notable fact about the location. That’s because it formed as the result of a meteor strike into a large deposit of basalt. As one of only four known, it is also the only not found in Brazil, in South America.
Furthermore, the surface of the lovely lake itself actually sits roughly 449 ft (137 m) below the rim of the impact crater. However, the enormous crater itself has a diameter of about 5,900 ft (1, 800 m).
Its distinctive combination of qualities has also led to the formation of a remarkable ecosystem within its boundaries. This ecosystem comprises two separate and distinct sections that do not interact at all.
The inner section has an alkaline base, while the outer one does not. Quite amazingly, each also has its own flora and fauna. Overall, however, the site forms a haven for a wide variety of species. These include gazelles, monitor lizards, and numerous types of migratory birds.