Pinecone Fish Facts
- Pinecone Fish serves as the common name for either of four of the rather unique species found within two closely related genera.
- Regretfully, its distinctive colors also make it a popular addition to public aquariums which is not a practice we particularly support.
- This species typically moves in large schools which are a beautiful sight.
- As is common among species living in this depth region of the ocean, the Pinecone Fish lives as a primarily nocturnal creature.
Pinecone Fish Physical Characteristics
The Pinecone Fish derives its name from the large scales which cover most of its body. Prominent ridges strengthen the scales as well.
Its body generally appears rather rounded in shape and the coloring typically presents as either orange or yellow. Additionally, each scale has a dark black outer lining.
The eyes develop comparatively large.
There is also a bioluminescent organ known as a photophore on each side of the lower jaw. These utilize symbiotic bacteria within the organs to produce a pale light which perhaps helps to attract the zooplankton that the animal feeds on.
- Kingdom: Animalia
- Phylum: Chordata
- Class: Actinopterygii
- Order: Bericyformes
- Family: Monocentridae
The Pinecone Fish represents a rather small beryciform fish that evolved as endemic to tropical and subtropical regions of the Indo-Pacific Ocean.
The different varieties of this fish typically live along the ocean floor, within a specific depth range of roughly 33-656 ft (10-200 m).
They also appear to prefer to inhabit coral reefs, rocky areas, caves, and ledges.