Prince Edward Island and its associated numerous small islands and islets comprise one of the provinces of Canada, in North America. In fact, it represents the only Canadian province to possess no land boundary. It also ranks as the 104th largest island on earth.
This geological gem remains renowned for its lush agricultural land, as well as its great swathes of pastoral land. Not surprisingly, agriculture is the principal economy of the island. Prince Edward Island alone produces approximately 25% of all potatoes grown in Canada.
The island represents one of the oldest settlements in the country and bears the name of Prince Edward (1767-1820), the father of Queen Victoria.
Prince Edward Island Geology
The province of which Prince Edward Island forms the central component consists of the main island and 231 minor constituent islands. Altogether this grouping comprises a total land area of about 2,195 sq mi (5,685 sq km). Prince Edward Island itself measures roughly 2,170 sq mi (5,620 sq km).
The island formed between 250-300 million years ago, during the Permian period. Freshwater streams deposited enormous quantities of gravel, sand, and silt into the region now popular as the Gulf of Saint Lawrence.
Much of the bedrock of the island principally consists of red sandstone. Prior to the enormous glacial melting which occurred during the last ice age, the island was connected to the mainland by a small strip of land.
Prince Edward Island Geography
The island sits north of the Nova Scotia Peninsula, within the Gulf of Saint Lawrence. The landscape of the island remains primarily pastoral, and famous for the unique combination of thickly wooded regions, gently rolling hills, beaches of reddish-white sand, numerous coves, and the ever-present red soil.
Also, present along the shoreline are numerous saltwater marshes and red sandstone cliffs. The northern shore of the island holds numerous and extensive dune fields. In Basin Head cape, the unique properties of the white silica sand actually generate a singing sound when walked on.
Prince Edward Island Climate
In general, the climate of Prince Edward Island stays relatively mild for its latitudinal position. During the months of July and August, the usual high temperature is 73F (23C) with occasional highs of as much as 86F (30C). During the coldest months of winter, the average highs are 26F (-3C).
The island receives an annual rainfall average of about 33.7 in (855 mm), as well as a yearly snowfall average of roughly 11.2 in (285 cm). Spring storms are plentiful, due to the constant clash between weather fronts from both the Arctic and the Atlantic weather patterns.