Tiger Quoll Facts
- Firstly, the term Tiger Quoll serves as the common name for the truly amazing Dasyurus maculatus. Further, some local inhabitants of the range it inhabits also refer to it by the name of Spotted Quoll. However, by either name, it remains a most unusual creature.
- This statement, perhaps surprising to some, holds true because the fascinating animal evolved as a carnivorous marsupial. It ranks as unusual due to one particular fact. That’s the fact that the animal represents one of only 40 such marsupials known to inhabit the earth.
- Furthermore, this quite interesting animal also stands out for its size. That’s because it ranks as the largest extant carnivorous marsupial in the region it inhabits. In addition, though not the heaviest, the species nevertheless qualifies as the longest known such marsupial on earth.
- In addition, within its zone of habitation, science considers it to be an apex predator. Biologists also recognize two known subspecies. Quite unfortunately, the IUCN presently lists the Tiger Quoll as Near Threatened. Sadly, it remains especially vulnerable to habitat loss and climate change.
Tiger Quoll Physical Description
Perhaps most notably, out of all the known species of quoll, the Tiger Quoll remains the largest. Furthermore, much like many other creatures, this remarkable marsupial also displays the trait of sexual dimorpshism. In this particular case, that characteristic manifests itself in terms of sheer physical size.
Additionally, in this species, that attribute displays itself in the fact that males tend to attain significantly larger sizes. Firstly, the much larger male of the species attains an average weight of roughly 7.7 lb (3.5 kg). Secondly, adult males also average about 36.6 in (93 cm) in the total head and body length.
Meanwhile, the female of this fascinating species attain a markedly smaller size. This discrepancy manifests itself in terms of both weight and length. In point of fact, the female only attains an average body weight of about 4 lb (1.8 kg). Additionally, this gender only averages a head and body length of 31.9 in (81 cm).
Interestingly, the tails generally grow longer than the entire head and body. Yet the legs of the marvelous Tiger Quoll usually develop quite short in length. In addition, the coat typically shows a brownish-red, with white spots. The underbelly also usually displays either an off-white or light gray in color.
- Kingdom: Animalia
- Phylum: Chordata
- Class: Mammalia
- Order: Dasyuromorphia
- Family: Dasyuridae
- Genus: Dasyurus
- Species: D. maculatus
Tiger Quoll Distribution, Habitat, and Ecology
First of all, the fabulous Tiger Quoll evolved as endemic to a portion of the world already renowned for its amazing flora and fauna. That’s due to the fact that it originated in the eastern regions of the continent of Australia. Further, the species can also tolerate a variety of habitats. But, individuals most commonly appear in areas of eucalyptus forest or rainforest, however.
Furthermore, although highly adaptable, the incredible animal most commonly lives on the ground. Nevertheless, the small but powerful marsupial can, and frequently does, climb trees in its area. Fortunately for it, this creates a limitation to the number of predators it faces. But species such as the Masked Owl and the Tasmanian Devil do prey upon it.
Yet in turn, the astonishing carnivore appears to be extremely indiscriminate in its own choice of prey. This perhaps gives it an evolutionary advantage. These prey include a wide variety of insects, snakes, lizards, small mammals, birds, rabbits, and wallabies, to name a few. Finally, many individuals also scavenge large prey when it is available.