Wadden Sea Facts
- The almost unbelievable Wadden Sea forms an incredible intertidal zone located in the southeastern part of the North Sea.
- This small sea forms one of the last large-scale intertidal systems on earth. This wonder of geology remains a shallow body of water with numerous wetlands and tidal flats.
- Together, these comprise a rather impressive total area of 3,861 sq mi (10,000 sq km). In 2009, portions of the Wadden Sea made the list of the UNESCO well-known World Heritage Site list.
- Along with the rather extensive tidal mud flats and a multitude of tidal trenches, numerous small islands also dot the entire area.
Wadden Sea Environment
The Frisian Islands within the Wadden Sea are also marked by two distinctly different characteristics. The islands possess numerous sand dunes and broad, sandy beaches on the side adjoining the North Sea.
Yet the remarkable islands scattered throughout the region do not simply stop there. They also present a low, tidal coast towards the Wadden Sea.
The continual actions of the impact of waves and currents, carrying away sediment, continues to change the layout of the islands even today.
The rather surprising Wadden Sea holds yet another surprise, it also serves as one of the most important areas for migratory birds in the world.
Wadden Sea Location and Fauna
The truly breathtaking body of water known as the Wadden Sea lies between the Frisian Islands and the coastal regions of continental northwestern Europe.
An estimated 10-12 million birds pass through the region, resting briefly, every year. Estimates have placed the number of birds present at peak times as high as about 6.1 million birds.
This includes hundreds of thousands of geese, ducks, and waders. Many of them use the region as either a short-term resting place or even as a wintering site.
In addition, countless harbor porpoises, gray seals, and the white-beaked dolphin call the region home. Two species of whales even once inhabited the region, but no longer.