The Bat-Eared Fox forms a species of wild canine endemic to the African savannas. Its name derives from its unusually large ears.
The fur of this fox is predominantly brown and tawny in color. The rather distinctive markings include black legs, ears, and portions of its face. The head and body length average around 21.6 in (55 cm). The pronounced ears usually have a rather disproportionately length of about 5.1 in (13 cm).
Unlike other canines, this unique animal will occasionally form polygynous pairings when mating.
Bat-Eared Fox Habitat and Distribution
Most noteworthy is the fact that there are currently only two known population groups of Bat-Eared Fox in Africa. One of these is present in the southern regions including Angola, parts of Zambia, and South Africa. The other population group inhabits the region including Tanzania, Ethiopia, and also the southern portions of Sudan.
The Bat-Eared Fox also prefers to dwell in one of two types of habitat. One of these is the dry zones of the savanna, and another consists of short grasslands.
They dig their dens for rearing young, and as shelter from the conditions of their environment.
Bat-Eared Fox Diet
The Bat-Eared Fox is principally insectivorous in nature, and this is where the evolutionary trait of the over-sized ears comes into play. In their native environment, excellent hearing is a must for locating and catching their prey.
They also generally feed on a single species of insect. In fact, the harvester termite comprises as much as 90% of their diet. When this particular species of termite is not available, the Bat-Eared Fox will still prefer other species of termites.
Yet, when necessary, they have also been seen to on upon a wide variety of invertebrates. These include beetles, crickets, ants, millipedes, grasshoppers, moths, scorpions, and spiders.
The animal has also evolved to require little fresh water. The majority of its water intake is provided by the bodily moisture of their prey.