- Begonia serves as the common name for any of the plant species within a certain genus. This genus includes more than 1,400 known species.
- All recognized varieties within this enormous appear to be endemic to either tropical or subtropical climates. They also remain quite popular as ornamental houseplants.
- In most of its native range, the flowering plants in this genus form an important part of the forest undergrowth.
- Species typically occur in regions where the soil drains well and receives copious amounts of rainfall.
Begonia Physical Description
All recognized types of Begonia remain terrestrial plants in nature and depending on the species, each will develop as either under shrubs or herbs.
Additionally, most varieties of this rather beautiful flower commonly grow as upright plants, of wide-ranging sizes. Colors vary widely between forms, but most remain brilliantly colored.
All recognized species evolved as monoecious, bearing both male and female flowers separately. The leaves typically grow large and variously marked.
The fruit forms a small, winged capsule in most known varieties.
Begonia Distribution, Habitat, and Ecology
All of the known various forms of the stunning Begonia evolved as endemic to several moist, tropical and subtropical regions. These regions also exist exclusively in the Northern Hemisphere.
These regions include wide swaths of Africa, Central America, South America, and southern Asia. However, various species of the genus have now been spread to other parts of the world by human activity.
Within this range, different forms have adapted to a wide variety of local habitats. These include forests, montane region, and rainforests.
Many varieties of this plant commonly both grow and bloom throughout the entire year.