- Firstly, the term Crocus represents a well-known genus of flowering plants. These beautiful plants also remain considered part of the Iris family. Currently, botanists recognize 90 varieties of Crocus.
- All of these also develop as perennials and grow from corms. Further, many varieties of these plants get cultivated for beautiful flowers.
- Dependent upon the species, these delicate flowers bloom in either Autumn, Winter, or Spring.
- Most notably, the early cultivation and harvesting of the unique type of Crocus began in the Mediterranean. This practice predominantly occurred on the island of Crete.
Crocus Physical Description
Firstly, the majority of known Crocus forms grow as either cup-shaped, solitary, or salverform in nature. The flower also typically tapers off into a narrow tube.
Its colors also frequently vary substantially. However, lilac, mauve, yellow, and white generally predominate. In addition, the leaves generally appear grass-like, and ensiform. These also typically display a white central stripe along the leaf axis, and the leaf margin in total.
The plant typically has a total of three stamens. Notably, the popular spice saffron derives from the stigmas of one particular species. That species bears the name of the Crocus sativus. This species generally blooms in the Autumn.
- Kingdom: Plantae
- Phylum: Angiosperms
- Class: Monocots
- Order: Asparagales
- Family: Iridiceae
- Genus: Crocus
Crocus Distribution, Habitat, and Ecology
Furthermore, the gorgeous plant evolved as endemic to woodland, scrub, and meadows, and also grow from sea level to alpine tundra regions.
Depictions of this practice appear in Akrotiri, Knossos, and Santorini. In addition, humans also introduced the first of these to the Netherlands around 1560. These arrived from Constantinople via the Roman Empire’s ambassador.
Within 60 years, new varieties already appeared in development. These included several cream-colored varieties. Some of these varieties still remain popular with gardeners.