Fernando de Noronha Facts
- First of all, the breathtaking location known collectively as Fernando de Nornoha ranks as one of the most remarkable sites on the planet. Quite unfortunately, however, this remarkable place also holds another regrettable distinction. That’s because it’s also another of those incredible works of Nature that few people outside of its part of the world know about.
- In addition, this stunningly beautiful location also continues to remain sparsely populated. This fact helps to preserve its pristine beauty. In fact, the permanent human population of Fernando de Noronha consists of fewer than 3,100 individuals. The entirety of this number inhabits the main island of the archipelago, which comprises the vast majority of the total area.
- Furthermore, beginning in the year 2001, UNESCO listed the location as a World Heritage Site. This occurred due to the importance of the unique environment of this marvel of Nature. Firstly, the islands of the archipelago serve as home to several avian species. Secondly, these also form a haven for the Critically Endangered Hawksbill Sea Turtle. Finally, the surrounding waters form an important feeding ground for many sea species.
Fernando de Noronha Physical Description
Most notably, all components of the gorgeous Fernando de Noronha archipelago remain quite remarkable. That’s because these actually represent the uppermost portions of an underwater mountain range. Further, the various islands and islets all clearly reflect their volcanic origins.
The archipelago consists of an impressive total of 21 islands and islets, most being quite small. In point of fact, the principal island of the archipelago has a total area measuring roughly 7.1 sq mi (18.4 sq km). This represents roughly 71% of the total area of the group, since the total area of all islands and islets is about 10 sq mi (26 sq km).
However, this area forms only a tiny portion of the full size of the astounding formation. That’s because the base of this large volcanic formation lies roughly 2,480 ft (756 m) beneath the surface of the ocean. In addition, the highest elevation of the archipelago lies at 1,060 ft (323 m).
Fernando de Noronha Location, Climate, and Life
The magnificent location named Fernando de Noronha formed as a small archipelago in the Atlantic Ocean. More specifically, the site lies roughly 220 mi (354 km) off the coast of the country of Brazil. The entirety of the archipelago forms a part of this country, located in South America.
Not surprisingly, the climate of each of the islands and islets also has a primarily tropical nature. Furthermore, and quite uncommonly, the temperature actually varies very little, either between day and night, or month to month. Additionally, it only has two seasons, rainy and dry.
Perhaps most notably, the archipelago of Fernando de Noronha serves as home to a highly diverse population of plant and animal species. Furthermore, many of these various species exist nowhere else in the world. In fact, a known total of at least 15 endemic species of plants fit that description.
Included among the species existing here and nowhere else on earth are three species of birds, and two reptilian species. In addition, a fully indigenous rodent species known nowhere else once inhabited the islands. However, this animal became extinct long before humans found the location.
Finally, the various beautiful islands and islets remain famous for yet another specific reason. That’s due to the great beauty, extensive variety, and sheer quantity of marine life appearing in the local waters. This includes such creatures as dolphins, sea turtles, and numerous albatrosses.