Tierra del Fuego Facts
- The breathtaking Tierra del Fuego tops the list of many as one of the most beautiful spots on earth, despite its highly rugged landscape.
- It also serves as home to numerous species of animals and plants. Some of the plants evolved as completely unique in nature.
- This stunning location constitutes an archipelago, consisting of one larger island, and a group of numerous much smaller islands.
- Despite the extreme ruggedness of much of its terrain, this site nevertheless shows signs of human habitation going back more than 8,000 years.
Tierra del Fuego Physical Description
This amazing archipelago of Tierra del Fuego principally consists of one large island. By itself, it comprises the majority of the total area of the entire archipelago.
The stunning primary island itself (often simply referred to as either Tierra del Fuego or Isla Grande) has a total area of roughly 18,572 sq mi (48, 100 sq km).
This breathtaking location boasts an incredible array of landscapes. These include bays, channels, and glaciers. Some of the glaciers extend all the way to the ocean.
The topography can be divided into four regions. These consist of an outer archipelago region, a mountain region in the south, a plains region, and a sub-Andean zone between the last two zones
Tierra del Fuego Location, Climate, and Life
This rather incredible spot on the earth possesses a subpolar oceanic climate. Its summers typically remain short and cool, while winters are long, wet, and moderate.
However, the southernmost of the islands in the archipelago possess a sub-antarctic climate, similar to such locations as the Aleutian Islands.
Only 30% of the islands possess forests of any size, though many of the trees bear fruit. Much of the remaining area comprises either steppes or semi-arid deserts.
A rather surprising number of animal species thrive in the region. These include such animals as foxes, seagulls, penguins, condors, owls, and several varieties of whales.