Ha Long Bay Facts
- Ha Long Bay forms an incredibly beautiful and picturesque bay. It is located in the Quang Ninh Province, of Vietnam, in Asia.
- UNESCO named this astonishing marvel of Nature a World Heritage Site in 1994.
- Ha Long Bay formed over a period of many millions of years. This formation occurred due to a combination of several factors.
- These included geological activity and erosion, including both wind and water.
- This magnificent site also remains renowned for its incredible array of columns, karsts, and islets. Most of these primarily formed from limestone.
Ha Long Bay Geology
Ha Long Bay covers an area of roughly 600 sq mi (1,553 sq km). This includes a coastline of about 74.5 mi (120 km) in length.
Within the confines of the bay also stands about 2,000 islands and karsts. The majority of these mainly consist of limestone. The greatest percentage of these also appear monolithic in shape.
Several of the larger karsts and islands are even essentially hollow.
Many of these also contain extensive caves. Two of the islets have enough area to support small, permanent populations. Many of the smaller islands also possess comparatively large beaches along their perimeters.
Ha Long Bay Climate and Endemic Species
The climate of Ha Long Bay remains considered rather tropical, with the presence of two distinct seasons. Summer stays moist and hot, while winter grows rather cold. Annual rainfall amounts averages around 78 in (2 m) in total.
Most of the karsts have a covering of thick vegetation. Furthermore, most of the islets also boast extensive vegetation. A total of 14 recognized endemic species of flora also live across the islets and karsts Of Ha Long Bay.
Wildlife continues to be relatively abundant. Officials count 60 known species of endemic fauna residing within the confines of the bay.
Much of the rather unique ecology of the bay now ranks as threatened by increasing tourism.