Borra Caves Facts
- Firstly, the incredible location known as the Borra Caves ranks as one of the largest known caves in the country in which it formed. Secondly, the truly magnificent site also holds yet another impressive status. That’s because the fabulous site ranks as the deepest known cave in that same country. Quite surprisingly, it also sits at an usually high altitude.
- In addition, the local indigenous population long knew of the natural marvel. In fact, they knew for countless centuries prior to its discovery by Europeans. However, the breathtaking caves first became known to outsiders in 1807. This occurred as a result of a geological survey of the country.
- Finally, this truly fabulous natural site has one more reason to stand out. That’s because the Borra Caves also plays an important role in the religious beliefs of the local population. As part of these beliefs, the native residents hold several legends revolving around the astounding caves. In fact, this even extends to the construction and maintenance of a small temple outside its opening.
Borra Caves Physical Description
Perhaps most notably of all, the endlessly amazing Borra Caves extend for a relatively great distance. That’s due to the fact that they have a total length of about 660 ft (200 m). However, it also boasts a remarkably large opening. This measures roughly 330 ft (100 m) in width, and about 246 ft (75 m) in total height.
Furthermore, this well known and always fascinating site also boasts numerous natural features, especially stalactites and stalagmites. The wondrous stalactites range in length from 0.3 – 11.5 ft (0.1 – 3.5 m) in length. Meanwhile, the equally marvelous stalagmites have an average length of 3.9 ft (1.2 m).
Yet, the incredibly stunning location also boasts even more magnificent features to dazzle the observer. That’s because the site also contains numerous fascinating limestone columns. These comparatively massive features average roughly 20 ft (6 m) in height and about 2.5 ft (0.75 m) in overall width.
But the marvels of the Borra Caves do not simply stop there. Nature worked multiple wonders in this location. In point of fact, the surrounding area consists largely of impressive mica formations. Due to the unique nature of this site, numerous precious stones also appear in the mica, including rubies.
Borra Caves Location, Formation, and Ecology
First of all, the magnificent Borra Caves formed in a remarkable part of the world. This marvel of Nature formed on what now represents the East Coast of the country of India, in Asia. Rather more specifically, this geological wonder formed in what is now the Ananthagiri hills, in the district of Andhra Pradesh.
Furthermore, the Gosthani River created the incredible site, since it actually originates within the caves, before flowing onward. In fact, its actions, over countless thousands of years, carved the caves as they exit now. It did this through its inexorable actions against the relatively soft limestone of the region.
However, while it may seem like an inhospitable location, life actually teems within the boundaries of the Borra Caves. For one, several species of fauna inhabit the caves. These mainly include various types of bats, and the golden gecko. But, it also serves as home to several varieties of tiny crustaceans.
Finally, very strong evidence further indicates that this fantastic site was known to ancient man as well as modern. This holds true due to the fact that researchers discovered numerous archaeological artifacts within the confines of the caves. To their amazement, some of these date back roughly 50,000 years.