Borra Caves Facts
- Firstly, the incredible location known as the Borra Caves ranks as one of the largest known caves in the country in which it formed. Secondly, the truly magnificent site also ranks as the deepest known cave in that same country. Quite surprisingly, it also sits at an usually high altitude.
- In addition, the local indigenous population knew of the natural marvel for countless centuries prior to its discovery by Europeans. However, the breathtaking caves first became known to outsiders in 1807. This occurred as a result of a geological survey of the country.
- Finally, this fabulous natural site also plays an important role in the religious beliefs of the local population. The native residents hold several legends revolving around the caves. In fact, this even extends to the construction and maintenance of a small temple outside its opening.
Borra Caves Physical Description
Most notably, the amazing Borra Caves extend a total length of about 660 ft (200 m). However, it also boasts a remarkably large opening. This measures roughly 330 ft (100 m) in width, and about 246 ft (75 m) in total height.
Furthermore, this fascinating site also numerous natural features, especially stalactites and stalagmites. The stalactites range in length from 0.3 – 11.5 ft (0.1 – 3.5 m) in length. Meanwhile, the stalagmites average a length of 3.9 ft (1.2 m).
Yet, it also boasts even more magnificent features. That’s because the site contains numerous limestone columns. These comparatively massive features average roughly 20 ft (6 m) in height and about 2.5 ft (0.75 m) in overall width.
But its marvels do not stop there. In fact, the surrounding area consists largely of impressive mica formations. Due to the unique nature of this site, numerous precious stones also appear in the mica, including rubies.
Borra Caves Location, Formation, and Ecology
First of all, the magnificent Borra Caves formed on what now forms the East Coast of the country of India, in Asia. Rather more specifically, this geological wonder formed in what is now the Ananthagiri hills, in the district of Andhra Pradesh.
Furthermore, the Gosthani River formed the site, since it actually originates within the caves, before flowing onward. In fact, its actions, over countless thousands of years, carved the caves as they exit now. It did this through its inexorable actions against the relatively soft limestone of the region.
However, while it may seem like an inhospitable location, life actually teems within its boundaries. Several species of fauna inhabit the caves, including various types of bats, and the golden gecko. It also serves as home to several varieties of tiny crustaceans.
Finally, evidence indicates that this fantastic site was known to ancient man as well as modern. This holds true due to the fact that researchers discovered archaeological artifacts in the caves. Some of these date back roughly 50,000 years.