Mexican Mole Lizard Facts
- Despite its common name, the Mexican Mole Lizard represents neither a mole nor a lizard. Yet this extremely unique and rare animal does constitute a type of reptile, however.
- This unique creature serves as one of only 180 known species in its genus that form neither lizard nor snake.
- More specifically, it forms one of only four known species in this small genus that possesses any legs at all.
- The Mexican Mole Lizard is also an amphisbaenian. Being exclusively subterranean dwellers, it is rarely seen. The average lifespan also measures only about two years.
Mexican Mole Lizard Physical Description
The Mexican Mole Lizard remains a rather diminutive reptile. Individuals attain a maximum known length of roughly 9.5 in (24 cm), and the width of the small bodies also typically only measures about 0.25 in (6 mm).
Its coloring shows predominantly varied shades of pink, which occurs because of a complete lack of skin pigmentation.
The Mexican Mole Lizard possesses two legs, placed directly behind the head. Five toes with sharp, comparatively long claws appear on the feet.
Its skin also grows rather closely segmented, like an earthworm, and it remains oviparous, with the female laying between 1-4 eggs.
The reptile exhibits no recognizable degree of sexual dimorphism.
- Kingdom: Animalia
- Phylum: Chordata
- Class: Reptilia
- Order: Squamata
- Family: Bipedidae
- Genus: Bipes
- Species: B. biporous
Mexican Mole Lizard Distribution, Habitat, and Behavior
The Mexican Mole Lizard also appears to only be endemic to portions of the Baja Peninsula, Mexico, in southern North America. It may also be found from the extreme southwestern portions, through Big Sur, to the Western Cape Region, however.
The habitat of this remarkable reptile remains predominantly dry to desert regions, with plentiful shrub vegetation.
Therefore, members of the species typically prefer to remain below ground, or under the layers of vegetation. This provides a measure of protection from predators.
The Mexican Mole Lizard constructs lengthy and elaborate systems of tunnels beneath the ground. It is carnivorous in nature and will prey on virtually anything small and soft enough to swallow.