Mexican Mole Lizard Facts
- Most notably, despite its common name, the Mexican Mole Lizard represents neither a mole nor a lizard. However, this extremely unique and rare animal does actually constitute a type of reptile.
- Furthermore, this unique creature also represents one of only 180 known species in its genus. In addition, each and every one of them have one thing in common, none classify as either lizard or snake.
- Yet it sets itself apart from even the great majority of its fellow members of the genus. That holds true because it remains one of only four known species in this small genus that possesses any legs at all.
- The Mexican Mole Lizard also qualifies as what scientists call an amphisbaenian. Being exclusively a subterranean dweller, it is rarely seen. Finally, the average lifespan measures only about two years.
Mexican Mole Lizard Physical Description
First of all, the Mexican Mole Lizard remains a rather diminutive variety of reptile. That’s because individuals attain a maximum known length of roughly 9.5 in (24 cm). In addition, the width of the small bodies typically measures only about 0.25 in (6 mm).
Additionally, its coloring represents yet another remarkable physical trait. The fascinating creature typically develops predominantly varied shades of pink. This distinctive appearance occurs due to a complete lack of skin pigmentation.
Further, the amazing Mexican Mole Lizard possesses only two legs. However, Nature placed these appendages directly behind the small head. Five toes with sharp, comparatively long claws appear on each of the feet. Its skin also grows rather closely segmented, like an earthworm.
In addition to its other traits, the remarkable little lizard also evolved as oviparous, with the female laying between 1-4 eggs. Finally, the reptile exhibits no recognizable degree of sexual dimorphism.
- Kingdom: Animalia
- Phylum: Chordata
- Class: Reptilia
- Order: Squamata
- Family: Bipedidae
- Genus: Bipes
- Species: B. biporous
Mexican Mole Lizard Distribution, Habitat, and Ecology
The Mexican Mole Lizard appears to only be endemic to portions of the Baja Peninsula, Mexico, in southern North America. Unconfirmed sightings also place its range from the extreme southwestern portions, through Big Sur, to the Western Cape Region, however.
The habitat of this remarkable reptile remains predominantly dry to desert regions, with plentiful shrub vegetation. To date, this incredible animal has not shown itself to be particularly adaptable to other habitat types.
Therefore, members of the species typically prefer to remain below ground. There, it lives under the many layers of vegetation, for a specific reason. This location provides it with at least a measure of protection from predators.
Additionally, the Mexican Mole Lizard constructs lengthy and elaborate systems of tunnels beneath the ground. It is carnivorous in nature and will prey on virtually anything small and soft enough to swallow. It usually remains close to its burrows, however.