Volcano Rabbit Facts
- The Volcano Rabbit serves as the name for a small species of rabbit endemic to an extremely restricted, and rather unique, range.
- Furthermore, it also currently ranks as the second smallest known type of rabbit.
- Unfortunately, however, the overall population appears to be fragmented into only 16 known small groupings.
- Researchers estimate that no more than 1,200 individuals remain extant. This animal represents one of the rarest known varieties of small mammals.
- Finally, the IUCN understandably lists this remarkable animal as Endangered.
Volcano Rabbit Physical Description
Proving that size remains no hindrance to impressiveness, the adult Volcano Rabbit only averages roughly 0.86-1.3 lb (390-600 grams).
In addition, most individuals only reach a length of about 9 in (22.8 cm). However, a few do reach a length of as much as 12 in (30 cm).
This adorable small animal also possesses small, rounded ears, short legs, and short, thick fur.
The fur itself generally shows a yellowish gray in color, mixed with a slight dusting of short black hairs.
- Kingdom: Animalia
- Phylum: Chordata
- Class: Mammalia
- Order: Lagomorpha
- Family: Leporidae
- Genus: Romerolagus
- Species: R. diazi
Volcano Rabbit Distribution, Habitat, and Ecology
In fact, its very name derives from the fact that it occurs only on the upper heights of four volcanoes south of Mexico City.
These small groupings appear at elevations ranging from 9,514-12,008 ft (2,900-3,660 m).
The Volcano Rabbit also distinguishes itself from most species of rabbits in its method of defense. Most rabbits thump their feet on the ground to warn others of danger. However, the Volcano Rabbit has a different approach.
It also emits a high pitched squeal. This makes it the only known type of rabbit to vocalize voluntarily.
Individuals primarily remain active during periods of dusk and dawn.
The diet of the Volcano Rabbit consists principally of tall grasses. These also provide them with cover from predators. During times of poor conditions, it will also consume foliage and flowers.