- Stewartia serves as the collective name for a genus of flowering plants related to the camellia. To date, roughly 20 recognized exist species within this rather small genus.
- Several members of this genus have also become quite popular as ornamental plants. This popularity occurs due to the fact that the varieties in question actually possess orange bark, and they bloom when most trees are dormant.
Stewartia Physical Description
All known forms of Stewartia appear as either trees or shrubs. While the majority of these are deciduous, a few species remain evergreen in nature.
The species endemic to Asia include both evergreen and deciduous varieties. Depending on the exact species, they attain heights ranging from 9.8-65.5 ft (3-20 m).
Those endemic to the Americas all develop as the large shrub variety and attain a range of heights from 9.8-16.4 ft (3-5 m), as a result.
The bark of all varieties also appears rather distinctive. In color, it is typically a yellow-brown to orange in color.
The flowers of most plants in this genus grow large and rather conspicuous. These may be as large as 4 in (1o cm) in diameter, and in color, they typically show white.
Stewartia Distribution and Habitat
Yet two of the Stewartia species appear to be native to North America. These species occur naturally in a zone extending from Virginia and Kentucky to Florida and Louisiana.
This genus prefers soil with a high acidity level. It also requires prolific quantities of rainfall and does not tolerate drought conditions.