Chilean Firebush Facts
- The fascinating Chilean Firebush possesses a rather remarkable and unique attribute that sets it apart from virtually all other known plants.
- This unusual genus has the ability to access various nutrients in the soil that normally remain inaccessible to plants. This appears to be especially true of phosphorus.
- The members of this genus accomplish this through an adaptation of the root system. While in the seedling stage, it generates an extremely dense type of root mass known as cluster roots.
- These release various acidic substances into the soil.
- These substances transform normally unusable elements into forms that the plant uses for nourishment. This has the side effect of providing extra nutrients to other plants via falling leaves.
- For this reason, the Chilean Firebush also ranks a keystone species within its habitat.
Chilean Firebush Physical Description
The seemingly aptly-named Chilean Firebush may appear as either a tree or an extremely large shrub, depending on environmental factors.
The tree often attains heights of as much as 50 ft (15 m). However, most rarely reach that height. An average trunk diameter measures roughly 20 in (50 cm), and the bark predominantly has a dark gray hue, with lighter spots.
The wood of the Chilean Firebush actually evolved a light pink in color and stays quite soft but very durable. The blooms appear in large clusters and typically display a deep red color.
The plant also appears to be predominantly pollinated by a combination of insects and hummingbirds.
- Kingdom: Plantae
- Phylum: Angiosperms
- Class: Eudicots
- Order: Proteales
- Family: Proteaceae
- Genus: Embothrium
Chilean Firebush Distribution, Habitat, and Ecology
The various members of the genus appear in scattered populations as far south as Tierra del Fuego.
Within its endemic habitat range, this rather impressive genus of plants inhabits a variety of habitats. It appears from sea level to altitudes of as much as 6,562 ft (2,000 m).
While it typically prefers regions with a high moisture level, it has also proven itself to be rather adaptable to moderately dry climates.
Although in cultivation it most commonly appears as an ornamental plant, it also serves as a source of timber in some parts of its native range.
Unlike the majority of flowering trees, the pollination of members of this rather impressive genus is primarily achieved through the activities of various types of birds.