Indian Bullfrog Facts
- Look at the brilliantly contrasting colors of the Indian Bullfrog. It doesn’t look like it could be real, does it? But, this gorgeous fellow represents a relatively large and colorful species of a bullfrog.
- This unique animal also remains endemic to a limited portion of the world. It also now seems to be introduced into Madagascar, where people consider it an invasive species.
- Further, this animal actually gets commercially farmed in Thailand. The Indian Bullfrog holds the classification of a species of Least Concern with the IUCN, due to its widespread habitat range, and large population.
- However, this seems likely to change, given (to no great surprise) the rapid degree of habitat loss due to human expansion in its native range.
Indian Bullfrog Physical Description
Most notably, the extremely large Indian Bullfrog attains a body length of as much as 6.5 in (16.5 cm). In addition, the snout grows comparatively pointed in shape.
Furthermore, the species primarily displays a combination of dark yellow and olive green in color. Individuals also display random darker patches.
However, the male Indian Bullfrog will change its colors to primarily bright yellow during mating season, to attract females. The large bright blue sacs under its jaw also serve to also attract females.
In conclusion, the toes of this particular variety of frog remain almost completely webbed.
- Kingdom: Animalia
- Phylum: Chordata
- Class: Amphibia
- Order: Anura
- Family: Dicroglossidae
- Genus: Hoplobatrachus
- Species: H. tigeriuns
Indian Bullfrog Distribution, Habitat, and Ecology
The Indian Bullfrog is endemic to a wide swathe of Asia. It typically inhabits regions of freshwater wetlands, including man-made paddy fields.
Yet, individuals most commonly inhabit bushes and holes near water.
This amphibian is also carnivorous in nature. Given its size, the species primarily prey on small mammals, invertebrates, and even small birds.
This animal is also principally nocturnal in behavior. The species breeds during the regional monsoon season.
Finally, the female lays great numbers of eggs. However, the mortality rate among tadpoles is high.