Penatia Baylisiana Facts
- The rather remarkable Pennantia Baylisiana represents a fascinating and unique type of plant in the family Pennantiaceae.
- First discovered in 1945, this incredibly rare and precious tree also constitutes the rarest known species of tree on the entire planet.
- At the time of its discovery, only one surviving mature Pennantia Baylisiana remained and seems to have survived against extreme odds.
- Evidence also indicates that storms previously destroyed the other mature trees, while herds of wild goats had consumed all known seedlings.
- It should also be noted that the IUCN understandably lists the tree as Critically Endangered, and conservation efforts remain underway.
Pennantia Baylisiana Physical Description
The Pennantia Baylisiana attains a maximum known height of roughly 26 ft (8 m). The crown of the species also measures about a rather moderate 13 ft (4 m) across.
The tree also produces multiple trunks that grow rather thin. The bark of this tree shows a grayish tint. The leaves appear numerous, and dark green in color.
The flowers stay rather small and grow in large clusters. Uniquely, these blooms display either a bright green or white coloring.
The fruit of the Pennantia Baylisiana measures approximately 0.4 in (10 mm) in length and bright purple in color. Each fruit produces a single seed, and flowering occurs between October and November.
- Kingdom: Plantae
- Phylum: Tracheophyta
- Class: Magnoliopsida
- Order: Apiales
- Family: Pennantiaceae
- Genus: Pennantia
- Species: P. baylisiana
Pennantia Baylisiana Distribution, Habitat, and Ecology
Although the lone surviving Pennantia Baylisiana is female, self-propagation technically remains a possibility but has not occurred yet.
Its natural habitat consists of regions of the rather thin, coastal forest. However, it remains unknown if the species ever extended beyond its current range.
Efforts to preserve the species by propagation by hand have been pursued.
Although a few new trees have been produced in greenhouses via cuttings, none survived subsequent transferral to the wild.