Southern Magnolia Facts
- The Southern Magnolia represents a species of tree native to the southeastern portions of the United States. It remains best known for its large, fragrant flowers.
- This gorgeous species also gets cultivated in warmer climates throughout the world. As a result, experts developed more than 50 cultivars from this beautiful plant species.
- The wood also ranks as popular in the commercial industry. Common uses include veneer, pallets, and furniture. The species forms the largest of more than 200 species of magnolia within its genus.
- Also, the first known export of this species to other regions occurred in 1726.
Southern Magnolia Physical Description
The Southern Magnolia ranks as a medium to large species of evergreen tree. In addition, exceptional specimens attain a height of as much as 120 ft (35.5 m).
This tree also generally has a single trunk and present a roughly pyramid-shaped structure. The leaves grow rather large and broad and average about 8 in (20 cm) in length, and 5 in (12.5 cm) wide.
The magnificent flowers also possess a strong natural citronella scent and reach as large as 12 in (30 cm) in diameter when in bloom.
The fruit remains inedible and filled with large, bright red seeds. This also averages about 4 in (10 cm) long, and 2 in (5 cm) in width.
The largest known specimen of this tree stands 122 ft (37 m) in height.
- Kingdom: Plantae
- Phylum: Angiosperms
- Class: Magnoliids
- Order: Magnoliales
- Family: Magnoliaceae
- Genus: Magnolia
- Species: M. grandiflora
Southern Magnolia Distribution and Habitat
The Southern Magnolia seems to be specifically endemic to the southeastern United States, in North America. This range also roughly follows the southeast to southern coasts.
It also extends from Virginia to Florida, and then westerly to Oklahoma and east Texas.
In the wild, the Southern Magnolia typically occurs along the edges of swamps and bodies of water. The tree also usually grows larger in more sheltered habitats.
Along the coastline, it rarely grows larger than shrub size. In Florida, it appears in wooded floodplains, hummocks, and along ravines. It grows best in regions of high moisture content combined with adequate drainage.