Purple Frog Facts
- Most notably, the remarkable Purple Frog easily ranks as one of the most unusual lesser known amphibians in the entire world. That holds true, in large part, to the very nature of its particular habitat.
- That’s because this fascinating amphibian actually spends the great majority of its life underground. While many related species also dwell underground, few do so as extensively as this creature.
- Quite sadly, this amazing animal now finds itself facing multiple threats to its continued existence. Because of this truly lamentable fact, the IUCN currently lists the brilliantly colored amphibian as Endangered.
- The threats the Purple Frog faces include the ongoing reduction and degradation of its already restricted range. Furthermore, the escalating effects of such factors as climate change also undermine its chances of survival.
Purple Frog Physical Description
First of all, while truly impressive in many respects, the Purple Frog nevertheless remains a physically small species. Furthermore, like numerous related species, it displays a marked degree of sexual dimorphism.
In its case, the males remain rather significantly smaller than the females. In fact, the larger females attain an average length of about 3.5 in (9 cm). Meanwhile, however, the males of the species rarely exceed 1.2 in (3 cm) in length.
In addition, both genders display a decidedly horizontally swollen looking body shape. As a result of this characteristic, the animal has an overall flattened body form. It also develops a relatively small head with a pointed snout.
However, its most remarkable physical feature remains its unique coloring. Adults of the Purple Frog typically display a darker grayish-purple color. But the majority of younger individuals often display a deep, bright purple color.
- Kingdom: Animalia
- Phylum: Chordata
- Class: Amphibia
- Order: Anura
- Family: Nasikabatrachidae
- Genus: Nasikabatrachus
- Species: N. sahyadrensis
Purple Frog Distribution, Habitat, and Ecology
Most notably, the amazing and reclusive Purple Frog inhabits a very specific portion of the world. This consists of the majority of the Western Ghats, in India, in Asia. However, even this represents an expansion of its previously supposes range.
Furthermore, it inhabits every habitat type within the mountain range. This occurs due to the simple fact that the amphibian lives virtually its entire life underground. There, it feeds on a variety of insects, with its diet predominantly consisting of termites.
In fact, the extremely reclusive animal only emerges from its underground habitat for a few days each year. This occurs during the annual monsoon season. That’s because, at that time, instinct drives the Purple Frog to the surface to mate.
Beyond these facts, however, researchers know very little of the biology of this species. Among the few facts known for certain is that males generally emerge near temporary streams formed by the torrential rains. After mating, eggs are laid in temporary pools, usually among rocks.