Roloway Monkey

Roloway Monkey


Roloway Monkey Facts


  • The most noteworthy fact about the Roloway Monkey remains their unfortunate status on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. That fact exists because this animal ranks among the most highly endangered of any primate in its endemic range.
  • This ranking occurs because this Old World primate species remains especially vulnerable to the actions of mankind. Their species appears to be especially ill-equipped for adapting to changing conditions within their environment.
  • Between 1975 and 1990 alone, the known population of this remarkable primate species declined by 80%. Furthermore, deforestation of their endemic habitat was the principle reason for such tragic losses in such a short span of time.
  • Yet the threats to their continued existence have not ended. While deforestation of the region has slowed, it has not ceased altogether. Indeed, they also face the threat of hunters, who seek them as a source of bushmeat.

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Roloway Monkey
Source: Photographer: Hans Hillewaert


Roloway Monkey Physical Description

First of all, the distinguished looking Roloway Monkey possesses a comparatively small body for a primate. Furthermore, the species displays a slight degree of sexual dimorphism. Both genders attain body lengths of as much as 21.6 in (55 cm), yet females tend to be slimmer. Males attain weights of as much as 15.4 lb (7 kg), while the slimmer females rarely weigh more than 8.8 lb (4 kg). In addition, the extra long tail often reaches lengths of as much as 29.5 in (75 cm). The majority of the body displays a black color, while the chest and throat possess white fur resembling the beard. A white stripe and a reddish or orange patch also present themselves on the back. Yet the distinctive and often large white beard remains their best known feature.

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Mammalia

Order: Primates

Family: Cercopithecidae

Genus: Cercopithecus

Species: C. roloway

Roloway Monkey


Roloway Monkey Distribution, Habitat, and Ecology

The fascinating Roloway Monkey has an extremely limited endemic habitat, and it continues to grow smaller. They remain indigenous to only limited sections of Ghana and the Ivory Coast. The species primarily inhabits regions of undisturbed and mature forests. This primate developed as a primarily arboreal species, and spends the majority of its life in the forest canopy. Being omnivorous, their diet consists of a wide variety of fruits, arthropods, flowers, seeds, and insects. They also often favor consuming small twigs, for unknown reasons. As a typically diurnal monkey, they sleep the majority of the night, and feed during the day. Like many monkeys, they form social groups which average between 15 and 30 individuals. These typically consist of 1 male, and roughly 10 females and infants. In the wild, their lifespan averages 20 years. Sadly, they also now rank as one of The World’s 25 Most Endangered Primates.

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Todd Sain Sr.