Fingal’s Cave Facts
- Most notably, the incredibly stunning Fingal’s Cave represents a true natural wonder. Furthermore, the magnificent site perfectly exemplifies the aura of mystery and magic so frequently associated with Scotland. In addition, the seemingly magical site also remains a marvel of geology.
- Firstly, the awesome wonder of Nature formed as a mind-boggling sea-cave. This formation occurred on the uninhabited island known as Staffs (Staffordshire). This somewhat isolated location, itself a beautiful site, also forms part of the Inner Hebrides.
- Additionally, the amazing Fingal’s Cave formed entirely from jointed hexagonal basalt columns. The remarkable feature also perpetually remains partially filled by the sea. Finally, the amazingly unique structure of the columns also formed long ago as a result of rapidly cooling lava flows.
Fingal’s Cave Physical Description
Firstly, the dazzling Fingal’s Cave possesses a rather large arched entrance, relative to its other dimensions. However, this is also followed immediately by a much narrower passage into the rest of the chamber. This comparatively large entrance also measures a truly impressive 66 ft ( 20 m) in height.
Yet, its astonishing entrance does not represent the only remarkable feature to be found there. That’s because the ethereal natural cave itself has a width measuring about 40 ft (12 m). In addition, the floor of the cave continually remains covered in water to a depth of roughly 25 ft (7.6 m).
Due to its dimensions, the marvel of Nature creates an almost unbelievable effect. That holds true because the echoes produced by the waves create a cathedral effect. Furthermore, this natural effect has been described as hauntingly beautiful by numerous visitors who have experienced it.
Fingal’s Cave Formation and History
First of all, the incredible Fingal’s Cave formed entirely from a lava flow during the ancient Paleocene Era. Further, the majority of experts now believe that the same flow that formed the remarkable hexagonal basalt columns here also formed another remarkable feature, the Giant’s Causeway.
Finally, the uniquely shaped columns formed as the result of cracks that occurred during the cooling process. As these cooled, the cracks gradually extended, and formed the hexagonal columns seen in the cross-section eroded by wave action.
Due to its mesmerizing distinctiveness, many consider it to be among the most memorable sights in Europe. The cave also now forms part of a National Nature Reserve, one that locals named after the hero of an 18th-century poem.
Presently, it remains unclear when local residents first discovered the beautiful cave. However, the location first came to the attention of the English-speaking world after being seen by renowned naturalist Sir Joseph Banks in 1772.