Prohodna Cave Facts
- The visually stunning and rather unique Prohodna Cave truly represents a most unusual example of a highly specific type of cave located in Europe.
- Its most easily recognizable feature remains the two distinctly eye-shaped openings in the ceiling. Rather surprisingly, these have roughly the same size and shape.
- This rare and rather fascinating double formation, known as Okanata, which means windows, was featured prominently in a locally produced film entitled Time of Violence.
- Given its astounding beauty and distinctiveness, this site easily ranks as one of the most popular tourist sites in the region, as remains famous throughout the world.
Prohodna Cave Physical Description
The truly impressive Prohodna Cave itself ranks as a moderately large cave. It measures roughly 860 ft (262 m) in length. This also makes it the longest cave passage in the country it formed in.
This magnificent wonder of geology also has two entrances. Fascinatingly, these lay directly opposite each other. For obvious reasons, they bear the names of the Big Entrance and the Small Entrance.
The Big Entrance also measures 148 ft (45 m) in height, while the Small Entrance measures only 115 ft (35 m) high.
To further amaze us, Nature allowed for the two openings to form in roughly the center of the ceiling of the large chamber.
Together, the two entrances allow great amounts of sunlight to enter the cave. As a result, vegetation can be found growing in places throughout its length.
Prohodna Cave Location, Formation, and History
The gorgeous Prohodna Cave also formed in what now represents the country of Bulgaria, in Europe. It sits roughly 1.2 mi (2 km) from the village of Karlukovo.
This cave sits in the Karlukovo Gorge, which itself forms part of the Geological Park Iskar-Panega. This constitutes one of the largest karst regions in the country.
This stunning site also represents what experts call a karst cave. The walls and ceiling primarily contain limestone, which gradually eroded due to the action of flowing water.
Evidence found in various locations in the cave also indicates that humans have been aware of and made use of the cave for nearly 12,000 years.
A national movement in 1966 quite understandably named this rather breathtaking location as one of the 100 Tourist Sites of Bulgaria.