Scarab Beetle Facts
- The surprisingly fascinating Scarab Beetle constitutes one of the largest of all known insect families. Worldwide, more than 30,000 species have been identified.
- This rather fascinating invertebrate also represents a typical example of a coprophagous beetle, which is the group of beetle species collecting dung into balls.
- Furthermore, its habit of rolling the ball of dung along the landscape also inspired the ancient Egyptians who correlated this behavior with that of their Sun god Khepri moving across the sky.
- Accordingly, they also considered the insect to be sacred.
Scarab Beetle Physical Description
All currently known Scarab Beetle varieties, of which roughly 30,000 exist, possess a compact body that displays a roughly oval and robust shape.
Also, this family of invertebrates can most easily be distinguished by the presence of unusually formed antennae. These end in three flattened plates that fit together, forming a small club.
The majority of the different types present various shades of brown and black in color.
Most varieties also typically attain a length of roughly 1.5 in (3.8 cm) and show no noticeable degree of sexual dimorphism.
Scarab Beetle Distribution, Habitat, and Ecology
The various members of the Scarab Beetle family possess a worldwide distribution. Various species also inhabit virtually every temperate and tropical region of the world.
Although its habitat varies, depending on the species, the majority inhabit arid regions, such as deserts.
The female Scarab Beetle digs a deep, pear-shaped chamber in which to place a ball of dung. After mating, she lays a single egg in each chamber, prior to sealing it.
Upon hatching, the larva will feed on the ball of dung left behind. The female repeats this process as often as possible.
However, a single female rarely produces more than 6 offspring that survive, since there is always a balance in Nature.