Spider Tailed Viper Facts
- Spider Tailed Viper serves as the common name for a truly astonishing species of reptile.
- This fascinating creature also possesses one of the most remarkable and resourceful evolutionary adaptations ever seen in the entire animal kingdom.
- That’s because the tail of this snake grows tipped with an appendage that bears a remarkable resemblance to a spider.
- The aptly named reptile also uses this appendage as a lure, to attract potential prey.
- The extremely cunning and resourceful species also moves this evolutionary advantage in a manner resembling the motions of an arachnid.
- While waiting for its prey, the snake also blends into the surrounding terrain. The color patterns provide it with a perfect natural camouflage.
Spider Tailed Viper Physical Description
The physical size of the Spider Tailed Viper resembles other related species. Adults average between 16-28 in (40 – 70 cm) in length.
Sexual Dimorphism also appears to be present in this species, with females averaging slightly greater in length than the slightly smaller males.
The head grows rather broad and flat, with a short, rounded snout present.
Likewise, coloring varies between individuals, yet browns and greys predominate, to assist in blending in with the environment.
The most distinctive feature remains the spider-shaped growth on the end of its tail, used to attract its prey.
- Kingdom: Animalia
- Phylum: Chordata
- Class: Reptilia
- Order: Squamata
- Family: Viperidae
- Genus: Pseudocerastes
- Species: P. urarachnoides
Spider Tailed Viper Distribution, Habitat, and Ecology
Also, within its native habitat, the species primarily spends its time in rock crevices.
There, its natural camouflage permits this ambush predator to wait for its prey. This remarkable snake also feeds on a variety of small mammals, most of whom are themselves predators of spiders.
The majority of its prey also consists of various types of birds.
Though the Spider Tailed Viper kills its prey with venom, the relative potency of its venom has never been studied.